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Alopecia Areata

What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia is a medical term, which means partial or complete loss of hair. It is also called spot baldness, is a disorder caused by a disruption in the body's natural cycle for producing hair.

Where a portion or all of the body's hair falls out. Although it can happen everywhere on the body, scalp hair loss is the most prevalent. It results in a few bald spots on the scalp.

In people at risk, psychological stress and sickness may contribute to the development of alopecia, but there is typically no clear cause. Hair loss may be transient or permanent.

Different Types:

  • Alopecia totalis denotes complete baldness of the head.

  • Alopecia universalis is the complete body-wide loss of hair.

  • Diffuse alopecia causes a sudden thinning of your hair.

  • Patchy alopecia  hair loss appears as one or more patches.


Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease, parmarily Hair loss can appears and hair growth is controlled by the immune system. Sometimes, the immune system attacks the hair follicles. Very rarely, a person can lose all of the hair suddenly or gradually on his or her scalp or entire body.

Signs and Symtoms may include:

  • Gradual thinning on top of head

  • Circular or patchy bald spots

  • Sudden loosening of hair

  • Full-body hair loss

  • Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp

  • one or more bald patches in beard area

  • partial or complete loss of eyelashes, eyebrows, or both

  • Hair loss occurs during a colder month of the year


Alopecia areata is a condition in which the immune system wrongly attacks hair follicles. This can result in inflammation.

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